New Caledonia has a special status of sui generis collectivity of France. It is located in the subreion of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific. It comprises a main island (Grande Terre), the Loyalty Islands, and several smaller islands. Approximately half the size of Taiwan, it has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres(7,172 sq.mi.). The population was estimated in January 2009 to be 249,000. The capital and largest city of the territory is Nouméa. The currency is the CFP franc.
Since 1986 the United Nations Committee on Decolonization has included New Caledonia on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governng Territories. New Caledonia is set to decide whether to remain within the French Republic as an autonomous overseas collectivity or become an independet state in a referendum to be held between 2014 and 2019.
Nouméa, the capital, is also the seat of the Secretatrai of the Pacific Community (formerly the South Pacific Commission), an international organization.
In July 2010, New Caledonia adopted the Kanak flag, alongside the existing Frech tricolor, as the dual official flags of the territory. The adoption made New Caledonia one of the few countries or territories in the world with two official national flags.
(The text is taken frome Wikipedia)
Capital and biggest city is Nouméa
The President of France is it's Head of State, though the Goverment of New Caledonia has a president as well, elected for every 5th year.
The Country has one zoo mentioned on these pages in the city of Nouméa
Most western Countrys do not need a Visa
International callingcode is +687
The nations currency is the CFP franc. Exchanging money is most easy at Nouméa, since most banks dont have CFP in theire register.