Zoologisch-Botanischer Garten Wilhelma


City: Stuttgart

Country: Germany

State: Baden-Würtemberg


Opend 1953 (The park it self is from 1853)


Species 1210

This park has Germanys 2nd largest collection of animal species and is the only real zoological-botanical garden of Germany. The zoo has a giant aquarium and interesting tropical and insect houses. On your way through the garden you meet rareties like the bonobo, okapi and kaka

Vis stort kort
Last visit 2013

Wilhelmaplatz 13
D - 70376 Stuttgart



Phone nr  0711 54020

Open minimum 8.15am-5pm

  • Adult 19,- Euro
  • Child 8,- Euro
  • Family '/** 24/40 Euro
*Family tickets are valid for one adult and his or hers children
**Family tickets are valid for two adults and their children

Annual card (valid for a calender year)
  • Adult 65 Euro
  • Child 38 Euro
  • Family 90/140 Euro
*Family tickets are valid for one adult and his or hers children
**Family tickets are valid for two adults and their children

  • 1829: In the park of Rosenstein Palace, which has just been built, mineral springs are discovered. King Wilhelm I of Württemberg (1781 – 1864) plans the construction of a "Bathhouse in Moorish style" in the palace gardens, in addition an orangerie and a glasshouse.
  • 1837: Architect Karl Ludwig von Zanth (1796 – 1857) is entrusted with the planning. Because the king hesitates to raise the large sum needed for such an ambitious project, years will pass before the first Wilhelma building is finished. The project is often even in danger of being ditched altogether.
  • 1842: The construction of the first building begins. According to the king's wishes it is given the name "Wilhelma". Architect Zanth knows how to enthuse the king for his ideas, so these are carried out in spite of all resistance. Thus the "bathhouse" becomes living quarters with several rooms. Among these is a cupola hall as well as two adjacent glasshouses, each with a corner pavilion.
  • 1846: On September 30th 1846, Wilhelma is formally opened on the occasion of the wedding of Crown Prince Karl and the daughter of the Tsar, Olga Nikolajevna.
  • 1851: The Moorish banqueting hall is completed. Both of the main buildings are linked by a covered walkway.
  • 1853: With the gallery building and the conservatory the heart of Wilhelma is completed according to Zanth's plans.
  • 1864: After Zanth's death (1857), the Damascene Hall is built according to the plans of the Architect Wilhelm Bäumer. And with this, the construction of the historical Wilhelma is completed. King Wilhelm I of Württemberg also no longer lives to see its completion. He dies in the same year.
  • 1880: Wilhelma by and by is no longer used exclusively as private gardens by the royal family. With a special admission ticket everybody was allowed now to visit the park.
  • 1919: Wilhelma becomes state-owned and continues to exist as a demonstration botanical garden. With the end of the monarchy in Germany the park is thrown open to the general public of Stuttgart.
  • 1933: The horticultural engineer Albert Schöchle, only 29 years of age, becomes the head of Wilhelma and in 1936 Director of the State Parks and Gardens.
  • 1944: Owing to bombing attacks parts of Wilhelma are very badly damaged or destroyed. All that is left is only the "Moorish Garden", parts of the living quarters with the splendid glasshouses, the kitchen building and the entrance to the banqueting hall, the old row of glasshouses along the R. Neckar, the Belvedere Pavilion and the Damascene Hall. The living quarters are restored over the years and extended to become The Tropics Hall with the Department for Night-Active Animals. The remains of the destroyed Moorish banqueting hall, after great deliberations, were demolished. In its place there is now the Aquarium and the Crocodile Hall. One original façade of the Moorish banqueting hall is integrated into the present building.
  • 1948: Albert Schöchle also becomes Head of the State Gardens at Ludwigsburg. In the years 1954 – 1975 he is in charge of the "Blossoming Baroque" flower shows.
  • 1949: After several years growing vegetables for the Stuttgart hospitals in the after-war period, Wilhelma is opened to the public again with an azalea exhibition. Date of opening: 19.3.1949. On June 3rd there follows the "Great Aquarium Show", in September the special exhibition, "How plants have changed since the dawn of history".
  • 1951: With the exhibition "Animals of the African Steppes", Wilhelma begins to keep giraffes, zebras and antelopes. The first penguins arrive, too.
  • 1952: Animals of the Indian Jungle" brings the first elephants and tigers to Wilhelma. After each exhibition the animals always remain. This pleases the public, the Ministry of Finance, however, sends out the order, "The wild animals must disappear from Wilhelma". Director Schöchle goes to visit Minister of Finance Mr.Frank, taking with him a lion cub, and asks the Minister to baptize the little animal. The Minister goes along with this deal, which is a good bit of effectual publicity, thereby speaking a decisive ministerial word. The situation is saved with a provisional permit. The animals are allowed to stay and more are acquired. Wilhelma expands to become the only zoological and botanical garden in Germany. Wilhelma gets the first three elephants. 
  • 1955: Wilhelma is given the status of a business enterprise of Baden-Württemberg, therefore being able to manage its affairs more independently than before.
  • 1956: The "Society of Friends and Supporters of Wilhelma e.V." is founded.
  • 1958: Wilhelma gets its first three chimpanzees – former circus apes. Up to the year 2006 more than 90 primates are to be born at Wilhelma. Until today Wilhelma has the only rearing facilities for young apes in the whole of Europe.
  • 1960/61: The Cabinet allows further expansion of Wilhelma, later the Parliament of Baden-Württemberg also agrees to this.
  • 1962: The Moorish Villa becomes a combined House for Tropical Animals and Plants, with the very first Department for Night-Active Animals of any zoo in the world.
  • 1967: On the site of the destroyed Moorish banqueting hall, the Aquarium-Terrarium with its Crocodile Hall is opened. Wilhelma acquires its white crocodile, later to become famous. An orang-utan is the first ape to be born at Wilhelma.
  • 1968: The interim aquarium, now re-styled, is opened as the Bird and Small Mammal House.
  • 1969: The northern glasshouse and the Cupola House at the Moorish Villa are completed.
  • 1970: Wilbert Neugebauer, who has been working at Wilhelma since 1955, is now the new Director of Wilhelma. The open-air terrariums are completed. The yearly number of visitors rises from around 1.03 million in 1960 to more than 1.61 million.
  • 1973: Inauguration of the Houses for Greater and Smaller Apes and the open Compound for Red-Faced Spider Monkeys.
  • 1975: The rocky Compounds for Monkeys and Mountain Animals are finished. Wilhelma's School is set up.
  • 1978: Wilhelma can celebrate a double anniversary: 125 years Wilhelma – 25 years zoological and botanical gardens.
  • 1979: The new Insectarium is opened.
  • 1980: Opening of the Compound for African Hoofed Animals with 6 stable buildings and 12 open paddocks.
  • 1981: The Sub-Tropics Terraces for parrots are opened.
  • 1982: The first residents can move in to the Young Animal Rearing Facilities. These were built with the aid of the Society of Friends and Supporters of Wilhelma.
  • 1987: The Wilhelma Theatre is now fully restored. It is to be used by the State University of Music and Performing Arts Stuttgart.
  • 1989: The Head of the Aquarium, Dieter Jauch, becomes Director of Wilhelma.
  • 1991: The Compound for Bears and Mountain Animals is opened with a huge festival. The construction was made possible with the help of the Society of Friends.
  • 1992: In the restored Damascene Hall, an exhibition on the history of the construction of Wilhelma is shown. This is still to be seen every year from March to October.
  • 1993: The Bird Enclosure between the Main Entrance and the Restaurant, as well as the Demonstration Farm are both opened within the framework of the International Garden Exhibition (IGA) 1993.
  • 2000: The Albert Schöchle Amazon House is completed. This project, too, was substantially supported by the Society of Friends. Wilhelma reaches a record number of visitors of more than 2 million.
  • 2002: Inauguration of the Insectarium with the Butterfly Hall.
  • 2005: The largest plant in the world, the giant titan, blossoms. With a height of 2.7 metres it sets up a new world record.
  • 2006: The new Crocodile Hall is opened. Four saltwater crocodiles, of which two are white, move into the Hall.
  • 2007: The decision has been taken in the architecture competition. The Architects' Bureau Hascher and Jehle is commissioned to plan and construct the Compound for African Apes. The first polar bear of Wilhelma named Wilbär is born.
  • 2009: The renovation of the Main Entrance and the construction of a new Wilhelma shop are completed.
  • 2013: The new modern complex for African apes, for the gorillas and bonobos, is opened in May.
  • 2014: After 24 years as director of the Wilhelma Prof. Dr. Dieter Jauch retires, Dr. Thomas Kölpin succeeds him.
  • 2017: Lions return to the zoo
  • 2018: Snowleopards get a new enclosure
  • 2019: Jaguars return to the zoo
  • 2020: The new facility for Asian ungulates opens. The Bactrian camels have recently had yaks as roommates, which can be seen for the first time at Wilhelma. The Mesopotamian fallow deer have their own enclosure on the grounds.
Map 2014 Map 2015 Map 2019
After paying the entrance fee we start with the tropical plant houses. the first is the one for succulents followed by a small room for tropical birds, here we meet the toucan. Next is the area for tropical plants and then the winter garden - the largest of the plant rooms. On the left is the house for tropical birds and small mammals. Here we find different tropical passerines, hutiacongs, gundis and tenrecs among others. Back to the winter garden and turning left we then enter the azalea house, followed by room for small tropical passerines and then the camellias. Going outside we see the Moorish garden, the centre point of it are the lakes for topical water-lilies. Leving the building square, we are having on the right a nursery for animals as well as the monkeyhouse, home to the drill, tamarins and red ruffed lemurs. In the near by Ape house we meet the orangutan. Outside again we see the spider monkeys and then go behind the aviary for lar gibbons. Here we find the subtropical terrace, home to several parot species like Europs onliest kaka, squirrel monkeys and the northern bals ibis. Going up the hill we see the monkey rock, home to gelada baboons and Barbary sheep. Now we have reached the carnivore houses, home to the sumatran tiger and persian leopards. Then it's time to see the forrest dog, before we take a look at the pachyderm house, home to Asian elephants and Indian rhinos. Their neighbours are the hippos, the zoo has both the hippo and the pygmy hippo. In this house we also find the Buru babirusa. Oppositewe find the gorilla and then look at some ungulates like the takin and the bison. o the right we then are having the farm area with wild animals like the moufflon, wild boar and the bezoar ibex as well of the life stock that we got from these like pigs, cattle, sheep and the Bactrian camel. This area also is home to Prezewalski's horse, Persian fallow deer and the wisent.  Heading back we now se the ostrich, Domali wild ass, Grevy's zebra and  dorca's gazelle. Entering the next ape house we find the bonobos and the gorillas once more. Outside again we then are having the giraffe house, home to reticulated giraffes, okapi's and the congo peacock. At the cheetahs we then turn right to see the bongo. Following the road to the left then we start with see enclosures for South American animals. Animals living here are among others Vicugnas, alpacas, pecari and the giant ant eater. Now we havereached the bear area, home to spectacled bears, polar bears, maned wolves and the snoe leoparg. Going down in to a hilly area we meet European otters, mountain goats, markhors and Syrian brown bears. At the aviaries fpr birds of prey and owls we turn right to go inside the cactus house, that is followed by a house for tropical domesticated plants like the banana, Entering  the house for tropical birds and noctural animals we see small parots, crowened pigeons and catbirds. In the noctural area we find giant newts, bats and the mous lemur.The last house is the fern house befor go out to the moorish garden once more and on the other side meet out door enclosures for European amphibians and reptiles. Then entering the aquarium building, the first part is for cold water fish, followed by a terrarium, home to crocodiles, snakes, amphibians and turtels. The last section is for tropical fish from the piranha to sharks and fish living at a coral reef. Infront of the house we meet the northern gannet and the Californian sea lion. Following the aquariumbuilding to the end and then turning left we go inside the Amazon house. This hous tryes to show a small part of the Amazon rain forrest, here we meet tamarins, white-faced sakis, black howler monkeys and several birds like the sunbittern. Outside again we just take a look at the funny coatis and then go straight forward to the long lake, home to the pelicans. In this area we also find different species of cranes and the white stork. At the end of the lake is the damascus house, the only building that has survived World War 2. In front of it we have several aviaries where we among other find the Western Capercaillie and some passerines living in Germany. To the left we then are having the insect house where you of course meet insects like beetles and cockroaches, as well as spiders, scorpions etc. Passing a restaurant we then have an area with several aviaries, home to tragopans and the great hornbill among others. In this area we also will find the red kangaroo, African penuins and the greater flamingo.

DE: Dies ist der zweit grösste Zoo von Deutschland und einer der Artenreichsten Welt weit. Er hat ein grosses Aquarium und zeigt Seltenheiten wie den Kaka - die einzigen in Europa, Okapis und Bonobos

DK: Dette er tysklands anden største have og en af de mest artsrige på verdensplan. Haven har et stort akvarie og viser sjældenheder som kaka (europas eneste), okapier og bonoboer.
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