Shanxi (formerly romanised as Shansi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is in pinyin Jìn, after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn period.
The name Shanxi means "West of the Mountains", a reference to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains. Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north and is made up mainly of a plateau bounded partly by mountain ranges. The capital of the province is Taiyuan.